Dr.Hamdy Hassan, Professor

07 Apr 2021

This book seeks to discover and analyze the contradictory paths that the African state has taken through its different historical stages. The central argument underlying our understanding of the nature of the state and its role in Africa is simple: that historically, Western interests in Africa have been constant and focused on access to cheap labor, control of the economy, markets, and raw materials. Therefore, the colonial state in Africa was formed to achieve these western goals. The colonial state was established to control the continent in accordance with the principle of unequal development in the international capitalist system, where it was integrated, extracting the surplus produced by the Africans in favor of the colonial powers. After that, the political kingdom that Kwame Nkrumah called for and made Africa's first coming in the international arena had a limited impact on this colonial structure of the state in the era of capitalist expansion. However, the post-colonial process period reflected a clear contradiction in its development. It has revealed the extreme political fragility, and the extreme consistency in serving the interests of foreign capital, whether it be in the context of new colonialism or neoliberal globalization.